- Uncover and remove winter mulch from roses, spring bulbs, and perennials.
- Divide and replant overgrown perennials.
- Till flower and vegetable garden soil and add composted cow manure, rice hulls, peat moss, or composted leaves.
- Remove rose cones.
- Plant frost-tolerant pansies and Johnny-jump-ups for early spring color.
- Plant trees and shrubs as soon as the ground is dry enough for digging; late frost and snow will not hurt newly planted trees.
- Apply fresh mulch around trees and shrubs for weed control.
- Prune hedges and summer-flowering shrubs. Check for damage and remove broken branches.
- Remove tree wrap when snow melts.
- Fertilize trees and shrubs.
- Apply crabgrass preventer to lawns.
- Fertilize spring bulbs when foliage emerges.
- Wait until the ground is frost free before removing mulch; if temperatures rise early in the season, remove part of the mulch but leave at least two to three inches.
- Till or spade the soil deeply; if desired, add a slow-release flower-garden fertilizer.
- Evergreens can be pruned at almost any time except late in the growing season
- Work fertilizer into vegetable and flower gardens before they are planted.
- Fertilize roses and begin maintenance program against black spot and mildew.
- Mulch flower gardens to conserve moisture and reduce weed growth.
- Install peony hoops.
- Protect gardens from deer browsing.
- Plant summer-blooming bulbs.
- Plant Minnesota Grown annuals and geraniums after frost is no longer a danger.
- Apply pre-emergent weed control in shrub and planting beds.
- Remove accumulated leaves and debris from underneath evergreens and shrubs.
- Prune forsythia, azaleas, and lilacs after they have flowered; all spring-flowering shrubs should be pruned right after flowering.
- Begin apple-tree spray programs after blossoms drop.
- Make sure freshly planted trees and shrubs are watered weekly, especially during dry periods. Continue to water through the season.
- Prune mugho pines when new growth is fully grown and soft.
- Fertilize established trees, evergreens, and shrubs. Start a fertilizer program.
- Rake, overseed, and fertilize the lawn. Avoid applying crabgrass preventer to newly overseeded areas. Seed new lawns while nights are still cool and the weather is wet.
- Control dandelions and creeping Charlie by applying herbicide before heads are formed.
- If spring-flowering bulbs aren’t doing well, dig up bulbs after the foliage has died and divide.